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 Islamic History in Brief

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مُساهمةموضوع: Islamic History in Brief   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 10:53 am

Islamic History in Brief
 
 

545
Birth of Abdullah, the Holy Prophet's father


571
Birth of the Holy Prophet. Year of the Elephant. Invasion of Makkah by Abraha the Viceroy of Yemen, his retreat


577
The Holy Prophet visits Madina with his mother. Death of his mother


580
Death of Abdul Muttalib, the grandfather of the Holy Prophet


583
The Holy Prophet's journey to Syria in the company of his uncle Abu Talib. His meeting with the monk Bahira at Bisra who foretells of his prophethood


586
The Holy Prophet participates in the war of Fijar


591
The Holy Prophet becomes an active member of "Hilful Fudul", a league for the relief of the distressed


594
The Holy Prophet becomes the Manager of the business of Lady Khadija, and leads her trade caravan to Syria and back.


595
The Holy Prophet marries Hadrat Khadija. Seventh century


605
The Holy Prophet arbitrates in a dispute among the Quraish about the placing of the Black Stone in the Kaaba


610
The first revelation in the cave at Mt. Hira. The Holy Prophet is commissioned as the Messenger of God


613
Declaration at Mt. Sara inviting the general public to Islam


614
Invitation to the Hashimites to accept Islam


615
Persecution of the Muslims by the Quraish. A party of Muslims leaves for Abyssinia


616
Second Hijrah to Abysinnia


617
Social boycott of the Hashimites and the Holy Prophet by the Quraish. The Hashimites are shut up in a glen outside Makkah


619
Lifting of the boycott. Deaths of Abu Talib and Hadrat Khadija. Year of sorrow


620
Journey to Taif. Ascension to the heavens


621
First pledge at Aqaba.


622
Second pledge at Aqaba. The Holy Prophet and the Muslims migrate to Yathrib


623
Nakhla expedition


624
Battle of Badr. Expulsion of the Bani Qainuqa Jews from Madina


625
Battle of Uhud. Massacre of 70 Muslims at Bir Mauna. Expulsion of Banu Nadir Jews from Madina. Second expedition of Badr


626
Expedition of Banu Mustaliq.


627
Battle of the Trench. Expulsion of Banu Quraiza Jews


628
Truce of Hudaibiya. Expedition to Khyber. The Holy Prophet addresses letters to various heads of states


629
The Holy Prophet performs the pilgrimage at Makkah. Expedition to Muta (Romans)


630
Conquest of Makkah. Battles of Hunsin, Auras, and Taif


631
Expedition to Tabuk. Year of Deputations


632
Farewell pilgrimage at Makkah


632
Death of the Holy Prophet. Election of Hadrat Abu Bakr as the Caliph. Usamah leads expedition to Syria. Battles of Zu Qissa and Abraq. Battles of Buzakha, Zafar and Naqra. Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Musailima, the Liar


633
Campaigns in Bahrain, Oman, Mahrah Yemen, and Hadramaut. Raids in Iraq. Battles of Kazima, Mazar, Walaja, Ulleis, Hirah, Anbar, Ein at tamr, Daumatul Jandal and Firaz.


634
- Battles of Basra, Damascus and Ajnadin
- Death of Hadrat Abu Bakr
- Hadrat Umar Farooq becomes the Caliph or "Prince of Believers"
- Battles of Namaraq and Saqatia


635
- Battle of Bridge. Battle of Buwaib. Conquest of Damascus
- Battle of Fahl


636
Battle of Yermuk
Battle of Qadsiyia
Conquest of Madain


637
- Conquest of Syria
- Fall of Jerusalem
- Battle of Jalula


638
Conquest of Jazirah


639
Conquest of Khuizistan. Advance into Egypt


640
Capture of the post of Caesaria in Syria. Conquest of Shustar and Jande Sabur in Persia. Battle of Babylon in Egypt


641
Battle of Nihawand. Conquest Of Alexandria in Egypt


642
Battle of Rayy in Persia. Conquest of Egypt. Foundation of Fustat


643
Conquest of Azarbaijan and Tabaristan (Russia)


644
- Conquest of Fars, Kerman, Sistan, Mekran and Kharan.Martyrdom of Hadrat Umar
- Hadrat Othman becomes the Caliph


645
Campaigns in Fats.


646
Campaigns in Khurasan, Armeain and Asia Minor


647
Campaigns in North Africa. Conquest of the island of Cypress


648
Campaigns against the Byzantines


651
Naval battle of the Masts against the Byzantines


652
Discontentment and disaffection against the rule of Hadrat Othman


656
- Martyrdom of Hadrat Othman
- Hadrat Ali becomes the Caliph.
- Battle of the Camel.


657
Hadrat Ali shifts the capital from Madina to Kufa. Battle of Siffin. Arbitration proceedings at Daumaut ul Jandal


658
Battle of Nahrawan


659
Conquest of Egypt by Mu'awiyah


660
Hadrat Ali recaptures Hijaz and Yemen from Mu'awiyah. Mu'awiyah declares himself as the Caliph at Damascus


661
Martyrdom of Hadrat Ali. Accession of Hadrat Hasan and his abdication. Mu'awiyah becomes the sole Caliph


662
Khawarij revolts


666
Raid of Sicily


670
Advance in North Africa. Uqba b Nafe founds the town of Qairowan in Tunisia. Conquest of Kabul


672
Capture of the island of Rhodes. Campaigns in Khurasan


674
The Muslims cross the Oxus. Bukhara becomes a vassal state


677
Occupation of Sarnarkand and Tirmiz. Siege of Constantinople


680
Death of Muawiyah. Accession of Yazid. Tragedy of Kerbala and martyrdom of Hadrat Hussain


682
In North Africa Uqba b Nafe marches to the Atlantic, is ambushed and killed at Biskra. The Muslims evacuate Qairowan and withdraw to Burqa


683
Death of Yazid. Accession of Mu'awiyah II


684
Abdullah b Zubair declares himself aS the Caliph at'Makkah. Marwan I becomes the Caliph' at Damascus. Battle of Marj Rahat


685
Death of Marwan I. Abdul Malik becomes the Caliph at Damascus. Battle of Ain ul Wada


686
Mukhtar declares himself as the Caliph at Kufa


687
Battle of Kufa between the forces of Mukhtar and Abdullah b Zubair. Mukhtar killed


691
Battle of Deir ul Jaliq. Kufa falls to Abdul Malik


692
- The fall of Makkah.
- Death of Abdullah b Zubair
Abdul Malik becomes the sole Caliph


695
Khawarij revolts in Jazira and Ahwaz. Battle of the Karun. Campaigns against Kahina in North Africa. The' Muslims once again withdraw to Barqa. The Muslims advance in Transoxiana and occupy Kish

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مُساهمةموضوع: 700-799   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 10:58 am

702
Ashath's rebellion in Iraq, battle of Deir ul Jamira


705
Death of Abdul Malik. Accession of Walid I as Caliph


711
Conquest of Spain, Sind and Transoxiana


712
The Muslims advance in Spain, Sind and Transoxiana


713
Conquest of Multan


715
Death of Walid I. Accession of Sulaiman


716
Invasion of Constantinople


717
Death of Sulaiman. Accession of Umar b Abdul Aziz


720
Death of Umar b Abdul Aziz. Accession of Yazid II


724
Death of Yazid II. Accession of Hisham


725
The Muslims occupy Nimes in France


732
The battle of Tours in France


737
The Muslims meet reverse at Avignon in France


740
Shia revolt under Zaid b Ali. Berber revolt in North Africa. Battle of the Nobles


741
Battle of Bagdoura in North Africa

742
The Muslim rule restored in Qiarowan


743
Death of Hisham. Accession of Walid II. Shia revolt in Khurasan under Yahya b Zaid


744
Deposition of Walid I1. Accession of Yazid II1 and his death. Accession of Ibrahim and his overthrow. Battle of Ain al Jurr. Accession of Marwan II


745
Kufa and Mosul occupied by the Khawarjites


746
Battle of Rupar Thutha, Kufa and Mosul occupied by Marwan II


747
Revolt of Abu Muslim in Khurasan


748
Battle of Rayy


749
Battles of lsfahan and Nihawand. Capture of Kufa by the Abbasids. As Saffah becomes the Abbasid Caliph at Kufa


750
Battle of Zab. Fall of Damascus. End of the Umayyads


751
Conquest of Wasit by the Abbasid. Murder of the Minister Abu Salama


754
Death of As Saffah. Accession of Mansur as the Caliph


755
Revolt of Abdullah b Ali. MUrder of Abu Muslim. Sunbadh revolt in Khurasan


756
Abdul Rahman founds the Umayyad state in Spain


762
Shia revolt under Muhammad (Nafs uz Zakia) and Ibrahim


763
Foundation of Baghdad. Defeat of the Abbasids in Spain


767
Khariji state set up by Ibn Madrar at Sijilmasa. Ustad Sees revolt in Khurasan



772
Battle of Janbi in North Africa. Rustamid. state set up in Morocco


775
Death or the Abbasid Caliph Mansur, Accession of Mahdi


777
Battle of Saragossa in Spain


785
Death of the Caliph Mahdi. Accession of Hadi


786
Death of Hadi. Accession of Harun ur Rashid


788
Idrisid state set up in the Maghrib. Death of Abdul Rahman of Spain, and accession of Hisham


792
Invasion of South France


796
Death of Hisham in Spain; accession of al Hakam


799
Suppression of the revolt of the Khazars. Ninth century


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مُساهمةموضوع: 800-899   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 10:59 am

800
The Aghlabid rule is established in North Africa


803
Downfall of the Barmakids. Execution of Jafar Barmki


805
Campaigns against the Byzantines. Capture of the islands of Rhodes and Cypress


809
Death of Harun ur Rashid. Accession of Amin


814
Civil war between Amin and Mamun. Amin killed and Mamun becomes the Caliph


815
Shia revolt under Ibn Tuba Tabs


816
Shia revolt in Makkah; Harsama quells the revolt. In Spain the Umayyads capture the island of Corsica


817
Harsama killed


818
The Umayyads of Spain capture the islands of Izira, Majorica, and Sardinia


819
Mamun comes to Baghdad


820
Tahir establishes the rule of the Tahirids in Khurasan


822
Death of Al Hakam in Spain; accession of Abdul Rahman. II


823 Death of Tahir in Khurasan. Accession of Talha and his deposition. Accession of Abdullah b Tahir


827
Mamun declares the Mutazila creed as the state religion


833
Death of Mamun. Accession of Mutasim


836
Mutasim shifts the capital to Samarra


837
Revolt of the Jats



838
Revolt of Babek in Azarbaijan suppressed


839
Revolt of Maziar in Tabaristan. The Muslims occupy South Italy. Capture of the city of Messina in Sicily


842
Death of Mutasim, accession of Wasiq


843
Revolts of the Arabs


847
Death of Wasiq, accession of Mutawakkil


850
Mutawakkil restores orthodoxy


849
Death of the Tahirid ruler Abdullah b Tahir; accession of Tahir II


852
Death of Abdur Rahman II of Spain;. accession of Muhammad I


856
Umar b Abdul Aziz founds the Habbarid rule in Sind


858
Mutawakkil founds the town of Jafariya


860
Ahmad founds the Samanid rule in Transoxiana


861
Murder of the Abbasid Caliph Mutawakkil; accession of Muntasir


862
Muntasir poisoned to death; accession of Mutasin


864
Zaidi state established in Tabaristan by Hasan b Zaid


866
Mutasim flies from Samarra, his depostion and accession of Mutaaz


867
Yaqub b Layth founds the Saffarid rule in Sistan


868
Ahmad b Tulun founds the Tulunid rule in Egypt


869
The Abbasid Caliph Mutaaz forced to abdicate, his death and accession of Muhtadi.


870
Turks revolt against Muhtadi, his death and accession of Mutamid


873
Tahirid rule extinguished


874
Zanj revolt in South Iraq. Death of the Samanid ruler Ahmad, accession of Nasr


877
Death of Yaqubb Layth in Sistan, accession of Amr b Layth


885
Death of Ahmad b Tulun in Egypt, accession of Khamar- wiyiah


866
Death of Muhammad I the Umayyad ruler of Spain, accession of Munzir. Death of Abdullah b Umar the Habbari ruler of Sind


888
Death of Munzir the Umayyad ruler of Spain, accession of Abbullah


891
The Qarmatian state established at Bahrain


892
Death of the Samanid ruler Nasr, accession of Ismail


894
The Rustamids become the vassals of Spain


896
Death of the Tulunid ruler Khamarwiyiah; accession of Abul Asakir Jaish


897
Assassination of Abul Asakir Jaish; accession of Abu Musa Harun


898
Qarmatians sack Basra
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مُساهمةموضوع: 900-999   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 11:02 am


902
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Muktafi; death of the Saffarid ruler Amr


903
Assassination of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Said; accession of Abu Tahir


905
Abdullah b Hamdan founds the Hamdanid rule in Mosul and Jazira
End of the Tulunid rule in Egypt


907
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Muktafi; accession of Muqtadir


908
End of the Saffarid rule, annexation of their territories by the Samanids


909
Ubaidullah overthrows the Aghlablds and founds the Fatimid rule in North Africa


912
Death of the Umayyad Amir Abdullah in Spain, accession of Abdur Rahman III


913
Assassination of the Samanid ruler Ahmad II, accession of Nasr II


928
Mardawij b Ziyar founds the Ziyarid rule in Tabaristan


929
- Qarmatians sack Makkah and carry away the Black Stone from the Holy Kaaba
- In Spain, Abdur Rahman III declares himself as the Caliph


931
Deposition and restoration of the Abbasid Caliph Muqtadir
- Death of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Tahir; accession of Abu Mansur


932
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Muqtadir; accession of Al Qahir


934
- Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph Al Qahir; accession of Ar Radi
- Death of the Fatimid Caliph Ubaidullah ; accession of Al Qaim


935
- Assassination of the Ziyarid ruler Mardawij; accession of Washimgir
- Death of Hamdanid ruler Abdullah b Hamdan accession of Nasir ud Daula


936
By coup Ibn Raiq becomes the Amir ul Umara


938
By another coup power at Baghdad is captured by Bajkam


940
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Ar Radi, accession of Muttaqi


941
Assassination of Bajkam, capture of power by Kurtakin


942
Ibn Raiq recaptures power


943
- Al Baeidi captures power
- The Abbasid Caliph Muttaqi is forced to seek refuge with the Hamdanids
- Sail ud Daula captures power at Baghdad and the Caliph returns to' Baghdad
- Power is captured by Tuzun and Sail ud Daula retires' to Mosul
- Death of the Samanid ruler Nasr II, accession of Nuh


944
Muttaqi is blinded and deposed, accession of Mustakafi



945
- Death of Tuzun Shirzad becomes Amir ul Umra
- The Buwayhids capture power Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph Mustakafi


946
- Death of the Fatimid Caliph A1 Qaim
- accession of Mansur
- Death of the Ikhshid ruler Muhammad b Tughj, accession of Abul' Qasim Ungur


951
The Qarnaatiana restore the Black Stone to the Holy Kaaba


954
Death of the Sasanid ruler Nuh, accession of Abdul Malik


961 -
- Death of the Samanid ruler Abdul Malik, accession of Manauf
- Alptgin founds the rule of the Ghazanavids
- Death of the Umayyad Caliph Abdul Rahman III in Spain; accession of Hakam
- Death of the Ikhshid ruler Ungur accession of Abul Hasan Ali


965
Death of the Qarmatian ruler Abu Mansur; accession of Hasan Azam
Assassination of the Ikhshid ruler Abul Hasan Ali; power captured by Malik Kafur


967
Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Muiz ud Daula, accession of Bakhtiar Death of the Hamdanid ruler Sail ud Daula


968
- Byzantines occupy Aleppo
- Death of the Ikhshid ruler Malik Kafur; accession of Abul Fawaris


969
The Fatimids conquer Egypt


972
Buluggin b Ziri founds the rule of the Zirids Algeria


973
Shia Sunni disturbances in Baghdad; power captured in Baghdad by the Turkish General Subuktgin


974
Abdication of the Abbasid Caliph Al Muttih; accession of At Taii


975
- Death of the Turk General Subuktgin
- Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Muizz


976
- The Buwayhid Sultan Izz ud Daula recaptures power with the help of his cousin Azud ud Daula
- Death of the Samanid ruler Mansur, accession of Nuh II
- In Spain death of the Umayyad Caliph Hakam, accession of Hisham II


978
Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Izz ud Daula, power captured by Azud ud Daula The Hamdanids overthrown by the Buwayhids


979
Subkutgin becomes the Amir of Ghazni


981
End of the Qarmatian rule at Bahrain


982
Death of the- Buwayhid Sultan Azud ud Daula; accession of Samsara ud Daula


984
Death of the Zirid ruler Buluggin, accession of Mansur


986
The Buwyhid Sultan Samsara ud Daula overthrown by Sharaf ud Daula


989
Death of the Buwayhid Sultan Sharaf ud Daula, accession of Baha ud Daula


991
Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph At Taii, accession of Al Qadir


996
Death of the Zirid ruler Mansur, accession of Nasir ud Daula Badis


997
Death of the Samanid ruler Nuh II, accession of Mansur II


998
- Death of the Samanid ruler Mansur II, accession of Abdul Malik II
- Mahmud becomes the Amir of Ghazni


999
End of the Samanids


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مُساهمةموضوع: 1000-1099   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 11:27 am


1001
Mahmud Ghazanavi defeats the Hindu Shahis


1004
Mahmud captures Bhatiya


1005
Mahmud captures Multan and Ghur


1008
Mahmud defeats the Rajput confederacy


1010
Abdication of Hisham II in Spain accession of Muhammad


1011
In Spain Muhammad is overthrown by Sulaiman


1012
In Spain power is captured by Bani Hamud

Death of the Buwayhid Baha ud Daula, accession of Sultan ud Daula


1016
Death of the Zirrid ruler Nasir ud Daula Badis; accession of Al Muizz


1018
In Spain power is captured by Abdul Rahman IV


1019
Conquest of the Punjab by Mahmud Ghazanavi


1020
The Buwayhid Sultan ud Daula is Overthrown by Musharaf ud Daula,

Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Hakim, accession of Al Zahir


1024
In Spain assassination of Abdul Rahman IV, accession of Mustafi


1025
Death of the Buwayhid Mushgraf ud Daula, accession of Jalal ud Daula


1029
In Spain death of Mustaft, accession of Hisham III


1030
Death of Mahmud Ghazanavi


1031
In Spain deposition of Hisharn III, and end of the Umayyad rule
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Qadir, accession of Al Qaim


1036
Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Zahir, accession of Mustansir
Tughril Beg is crowned as the king of the Seljuks


1040
Battle of Dandanqan, the Seljuks defeat the Ghazanavids
Deposition of Masud the Ghazanavid Sultan, accession of Muhammad Al Moravids come to power in North Africa


1041
The Ghazanavid Sultan Muhammad is overthrown by Maudud


1044
Death of the Buwayhid Jalal ud Daula, accession of Abu Kalijar


1046
Basasiri captures power in Baghdad


1047
The Zirids in North Africa repudiate allegiance to the Fatimid and transfer allegiance to-the Abbasids


1048
Death of the Buwayhid Abu Kalijar, accession of Malik ur Rahim


1050
Yusuf b Tashfin comes to power in the Maghrib


1055
Tughril Beg overthrows the Buwayhids


1057
Basasiri recaptures power in Baghdad, deposes Al Qaim and offers allegiance to the Fatimid Caliph


1059
Tughril Beg recaptures power in Baghdad, al Qaim is restored as the Caliph


1060
Ibrahim becomes the Sultan of Ghazni
Yusuf b Tashfin founds the city of Marrakesh
The Zirids abandon their capital Ashir and establish their capital at Bougie


1062
Death of the Zirid ruler Al Muizz, accession of Tamin


1063
Death of the Seljuk Sultan Tughril Beg; accession of Alp Arsalan


1071
Battle of Manzikert, the Byzantine emperor taken captive by the Seljuks


1073
Death of Alp Arsalan, accession of Malik Shah


1077
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Qaim, accession of Al Muqtadi


1082
The A1 Moravids conquer Algeria


1086
Battle of Zallakha
The Al Moravids defeat the Christians in Spain
Death of the Rum Sejuk Sultan Sulaiman, accession of Kilij Arsalan


1091
The Normans conquer the island of Sicily; end of the Muslim rule


1092
Death of the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah, accession of Mahmud


1094
Death of Mahmud; accession of Barkiaruk
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Muqtadi, accession of Mustahzir


1095
The first crusade


1099
The crusaders capture Jerusalem

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مُساهمةموضوع: 1100-1199   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 11:29 am


1101
Death or the Fatimid Caliph Al Mustaali, accession of Al Aamir


1105
Death of the Seljuk Sultan Barkiaruk, accession Of Muhammad


1106
Death of the Al Motavid Yusuf b Tashfin


1107
Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Kilij Arsalan, succession of Malik Shah


1108
Death of the Zirid ruler Tamin, accession of Yahya


1116
Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah accession of Rukn ud Din Masud


1118
Death of the Seljuk Sultan Muhammad; accession of Mahmud II Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustahzir, accession of Mustarshid In Spain the Christians capture Saragossa


1121
Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Aamir, accession of Al Hafiz


1127
Imad ud Din Zangi establishes the Zangi rule In Mosul


1128
Death of the Khawarzam Shah Qutb ud Din Muhammad; accession of Atsiz


1130
Death of the Seljuk Sultan Mahmud II; accession of Tughril Beg II


1134
Assassination of the Abbasid Caliph Mustarshid; accession of Al Rashid Death of the Seljuk Sultan Tughril Beg II, accession of Masud


1135
Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph Al Rashid, accession of Al Muktafi


1144
Imad ud Din Zangi captures Edessa from the Christians, second crusade


1146
Death of Imad ud Din Zangi, accession of Nur ud Din Zangi


1147
In the Maghrib Al Moravids overthrown by the Al Mohads under Abul Mumin


1148
End of the Zirid rule' in North Africa


1149
Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Hafiz, accession of Al Zafar


1152
Death of the Seljuk Sultan Masud, accession of Malik Shah II Hamadid rule extinguished in North Africa


1153
Death of the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah I1, accession of Muhammad II


1154
Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Zafar, accession of Al Faiz


1156
Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Rukn ud Din Masid, accession of Arsalan II


1159
Death of the Seljuk Sultan Muhammad II, accession of Gulaiman


1160
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Mukta, accession of Al Mustanjid Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Faiz, accession of Al Azzid


1161
Death of the Seljuk Sulaiman, accession of Arsalan Shah


1163
Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abul Mumin, accession of Abu Yaqub Yusuf


1170
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustanjid, accession of Al Mustazii


1171
Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Azzid
End of the Fatimids
Salah ud Din founds the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt


1172
Death of the Khawarzam Shah Arsalan, accession of Sultan Shah


1173
The Khawarzam Shah Sultan Shah is overthrown by Tukush Shah


1174
Salah ud Din annexes Syria


1175
The Ghurids defeat the Guzz Turks and occupy Ghazni


1176
Death of the Seljuk Sultan Arsalan Shah, accession of Tughril Beg III


1179
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Mustazaii, accession of Al Nasir Shahab ud Din Ghuri captures Peshawar


1185
Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abu Yaqub Yusuf, accession of Abu Yusuf Yaqub


1186
The Ghurids overthrow the Ghaznvaids in the Punjab


1187
Salah ud Din wrests Jerusalem from the Christians, third crusade


1191
Battle of Tarain between the Rajputs and the Ghurids


1193
Death of Salah ud Din; accession of Al Aziz Second battleof Tarain


1194
Occupation of Delhi by the Muslims End of the Seljuk rule


1199
Death of the Khawarzam Shah Tukush Shah; accession of Ala ud Din Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abu Yusuf Yaqub; accession of Muhammad Nasir Conquest of Northern India and Bengal by the Ghurids

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مُساهمةموضوع: 1200-1299   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 11:52 am


1202
Death of the Ghurid Sultan Ghias ud Din; accession of Mahmud


1204
Shahab ud Din Ghuri defeated by the Ghuzz Turks


1206
Death of Shahab ud Din Ghuri. Qutb ud Din Aibik crowned king in Lahore


1210
Assassination of the Ghurid Sultan MahmUd, accession of Sam. Death of Qutb ud Din Aibak, accession of Aram Shah in India


1211
End of the Ghurid rule, their territories annexed by the Khawarzam Shahs. In India Aram Shah overthrown by Iltutmish


1212
Battle of Al Uqab in Spain, end of the Al Mohad rule in Spain. The Al Mohads suffer defeat by the Christians in Spain at the Al-Uqba. The Al Mohad Sultan An Nasir escapes to Morocco where he dies soon after. Accession of his son Yusuf who takes over title of Al Mustansir


1214
In North Africa death of the Al Mohad ruler Al Nasir, accession of Al Mustansir. The Banu Marin under their leader Abdul Haq occupy the north eastern part of Morocco


1216
The Banu Marin under their leader Abdul Haq occupy north eastern part of Morocco. The Al Mohads suffer defeat by the Marinids at the battle of Nakur. The Banu Marin defeat the Al Mobads at the battle of Nakur


1217
The Marinids suffer defeat in the battle fought on the banks of the Sibu river. Abdul Haq is killed and the Marinids evacuate Morocco. In the battle of Sibu the Marinids suffer defeat; their leader Abdul Haq is killed and they evacuate Morocco


1218
Death of the Ayyubid ruler Al Adil, accession of Al Kamil. The Marinids return to Morocco under their leader Othman and occupy Fez


1220
Death of the Khawarzam Shah Ala ud Din, accession of Jalal ud Din Mangbarni


1222
Death of the Zangi ruler Nasir ud Din Mahmud, power captured by Badr ud Din Lulu


1223
Death of the Al Mohad ruler Muntasir, accession of Abdul Wahid. Death of Yusuf Al Mustansir, accession of Abdul Wahid in Morocco.. In Spain a brother of Yusuf declares his independence and assumes the title of Al Adil. In Spain Abu Muhammad overthrows Al Adil. Al Adil escapes to Morocco and overthrows Abdul Wahid


1224
Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abdul Wahid, accession of Abdullah Adil



1225
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Nasir, accession of Al Mustansir


1227
Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abdullah Adil, accession of Mustasim. Assassination of Al Adil, accession of his son Yahya who assumes the throne under the name of Al Mustasim


1229
Death of the Al Mohad ruler Mustasim, accession of Idris. The Ayyubid Al Kamil restores Jerusalem to the Christians. Abu Muhammad dies in Spain and is succeeded by Al Mamun. Al Mamun invades Morocco with Christian help. Yahya is defeated and power is captured by Al Mamun. He denies the Mahdiship of Ibn Tumarat


1230
End of the Khawarzam Shah rule


1232
Death of the Al Mohad ruler Idris, accession, of Abdul Wahid II. Assassination of Al Mamun; accession of his son Ar-Rashid


1234
Death of the Ayyubid ruler Al Kamil, accession of Al Adil


1236
Death of Delhi Sultan Iltutmish. Accession of Rukn ud Din Feroz Shah


1237
Accession of Razia Sultana as Delhi Sultan


1240
Death of Ar-Rashid; accession of his son Abu Said


1241
Death of Razia Sultana, accession of Bahram Shah


1242
Death of Bahram Shah, accession of Ala ud Din Masud Shah as Delhi Sultan.
Death of the Al Mohad rules Abdul Wahid, accession of Abu Hasan.
Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustansir, accession of Mustasim


1243
Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abdul Walid II


1244
The Al Mohads defeat the Marinids at the battle of Abu Bayash. The Marinids evacuate Morocco


1245
The Muslims reconquer Jerusalem


1246
Death of the Delhi Sultan Ala ud Din Masud Shah, accession of Nasir ud Din Mahmud Shah


1248
Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abul Hasan, accession of Omar Murtaza. Abu Said attacks Tlemsen, but is ambushed and killed; accession of his son Murtada


1250
The Marinids return to Morocco, and occupy a greatar part thereof


1258
The Mongols sack Baghdad. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustasim.
End of the Abbasid rule.
Fall of Baghdad, end of the Abbasid caliphate
The Mongol II-Khans under Halaku establish their rule in Iran and Iraq with the capital at Maragah
Berek Khan the Muslim chief of the Golden Horde protests against the treatment meted out to the Abbasid Caliph and withdraw his Contingent from Baghdad


1259
Abu Abdullah the Hafsid ruler declares himself as the Caliph and assumes the name of Al Mustamir


1260
Battle of Ayn Jalut in Syria. The Mongols are defeated by the Mamluks of Egypt, and the spell of the invincibility of the Mongols is broken. Baybars becomes the Mamluk Sultan


1262
Death of Bahauddin Zikriya in Multan who is credited with the introduction of the Suhrawardi Sufi order in the IndoPakistan sub-continent


1265
Death of Halaku. Death of Fariduddin Ganj Shakkar the Chishti saint of the Indo-Pakistan sub-continent


1266
Death of Berek Khan the first ruler of the Golden Horde to be converted to Islam. The eighth crusade. The crusaders invade Tunisia Failure of the crusade


1267
Malik ul Salih establishes the first Muslim state of Samudra Pasai in Indonesia. Murtada seeks the help of the Christians, and the Spaniards invade Morocco. The Marinids drive away the Spaniards from Morocco. Assassination of Murtada; accession of Abu Dabbas


1269
Abu Dabbas is overthrown by the Marinida, End of the Al Mohads. End of the rule of the Al Mohads in Morocco, the Marinids come to power in Morocco under Abu Yaqub


1270
Death of Mansa Wali the founder of the Muslim rule in M ali


1272
Death of Muhammad I the founder of the state of Granada. Yaghmurason invades Morocco but meets a reverse at the battle


1273
Death of Jalaluddin Rumi


1274
Death of Nasiruddin Tusi. The Marinids wrest Sijilmasa from the Zayenids. Ninth crusade under Edward I of England. The crusade ends in fiasco and Edward returns to England


1277
Death of Baybars


1280
Battle of Hims


1283
Death of Yaghmurasan. Accession of his son Othman


1285
Tunisis splits in Tunis and Bougie


1286
Death of Ghiasuddin Balban. Death of Abu Yusuf Yaqub. Bughra Khan declares his independence in Bengal under the name of Nasiruddin


1290
End of the slave dynasty Jalaluddin Khilji comes into power. Othman embarks on a career of conquest and by 1290 C.E. most of the Central Maghreb is conquered by the Zayanids


1291
Saadi


1296
Alauddin Ghazan converted to Islam


1299
Mongols invade Syria. The Marinids besiege Tlemsen the capital of the Zayanids

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Islamic History in Brief   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 12:17 pm


1301
In Bengal, Death of Ruknuddin the king of Bengal, succeeded by brother Shamsuddin Firuz


1302
In Granada, Death of Muhammad II; succession of Muhammad III


1304
In the Mongols II Khans empire, Death of Ghazan, succession of his brother Khudabanda Ul Jaytu. In Algeria, Death of Othman, succession of his son Abu Zayan Muhammad


1305
In the Khiljis empire, Alauddin Khilji conquers Rajputana


1306
In the Chughills empire, Death of Dava, succession of his son Kunjuk


1307
In the Marinids empire, Assassination of the Marinid Sultan Abu Yaqub Yusuf; accession of Abu Thabit


1308
In the Chughills empire, Deposition of Kunjuk, power captured by Taliku. In Algeria, Death of Abu Zayan Muhammad, succession of his brother Abu Hamuw Musa. In the Marinids empire, Abu Thabit overthrown by Abu Rabeah Sulaiman


1309
In the Chughills empire, Assassination of Taliku, accession of Kubak. In Granada, Muhammad III overthrown by his uncle Abul Juyush Nasr


1310
In the Chughills empire, Kubak overthrown by his brother Isan Buga. In the Marinids empire, Abu Rabeah Sulaiman overthrown by Abu Said Othman. In the Khiljis empire, Alauddin conquers Deccan


1312
In Tunisia, In Tunis Abul Baqa is overthrown by Al Lihiani


1313
In the Mongols II Khans empire, Invasion of Syria, the Mongols repulsed. In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Toktu, accession of his nephew Uzbeg


1314
In Kashmir, Rainchan an adventurer from Baltistan overthrows Sinha Deva the Raja of Kashmir. Rainchan is converted to Islam and adopts the name of Sadrud Din. In Granada, Abul Juyush overthrown by his nephew Abul Wahid Ismail



1315
In Tunisia, War between Bougie and Tunis, Lihani defeated and killed. Abu Bakr becomes the ruler of Bougie and Tunis


1316
In the Mongols II Khans empire, Death of Khudabanda Ul Jaytu, succession of Abu Said. In the Khiljis empire, Death of Alauddin, accession of Shahabuddin Umar, usurpation of power by Malik Kafur, a Hindu convert


1318
In the Khiljis empire, Assassination of Malik Kafur, deposition of Shahabuddin Umar, accession of Qutbuddin Mubarak. In the Chughills empire, Isan Buga overthrown by Kubak.


1320
In the Khiljis empire, Assassination of Qutbuddin Mubarak, usurpation of power by Khusro Khan a Hindu convert. Khusro Khan overthrown by Ghazi Malik. End of the rule of Khiljis. In Tunisia, Abu Bakr expelled from Tunis by Abu Imran. In the Tughluqs empire, Ghazi Malik founds the rule of the Tughluq dynasty


1321
In the Chughills empire, Death of Kubak, succession of Hebbishsi who is overthrown by Dava Temur


1322
In the Chughills empire, Dava Temur overthrown by Tarmashirin, who is converted to Islam. In Bengal, Death of Shamsuddin Firuz. The kingdom divided into two parts. Ghiasuddin Bahadur became the ruler of East Bengal with the capital at Sonargaon, Shahabuddin became the ruler of West Bengal with the capital at Lakhnauti.


1324
In Bengal, Shahabuddin dies and is succeeded by his brother Nasiruddin


1325
In the Tughluqs empire, Death of Ghazi Malik (Ghiasuddin Tughluq); accession of his son Muhammad Tughluq. In Granada, Assassination of Abul Wahid Ismail, succession of his son Muhammad IV. Assassination of Muhammad IV. Accession of his brother Abul Hallaj Yusuf. In the Samudra Pasai empire, Death of Malik al Tahir I, accession of Malik al Tahir II. In Bengal, With the help of Ghiasuddin Tughluq, Nasiruddin over-throws. Ghiasuddin Bahadur and himself become's the ruler of United Bengal


1326
In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Othman, succession of Orkhan. Orkhan conquers Bursa and makes it his capital.


1327
In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks capture the city of Nicaea


1329
In the Tughluqs empire, Muhammad Tughluq shifts the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in Deccan


1330
In the Chughills empire, Death of Tramashirin, succession of Changshahi. Amir Hussain establishes the rule of the Jalayar dynasty at Baghdad. In Tunisia, Abu Bakr overthrows Abu Imran and the state is again united, under him. In Bengal, Muhammad b Tughluq reverses the policy of his father and restores Ghiasuddin Bahadur to the throne of Sonargeon


1331
In the Marinids empire, Death of Abu Said Othman, sucession of Abul Hasan. In Bengal, Annexation of Bengal by the Tughluqs


1335
In the Mongols II Khans empire, Death of Abu Said, power captured by Arpa Koun. In the Chughills empire, Assassination of Changshahi, accession of Burun


1336
In the Mongols II Khans empire, Arpa defeated and killed, succeeded by Musa. Birth of Amir Temur. In the Jalayar empire, Death of Amir Hussain, succession of Hasan Buzurg. In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks annex the state of Karasi. In Bengal, The Tughluq Governor at Sonargeon assassinated by armour bearer who captured power and declared his independence assuming the name of Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah


1337
In the Mongols II Khans empire, The rule of Musa overthrown, Muhammad becomes the Sultan. In the Sarbadaran empire, On the disintegration of the II-Khan rule, Abdur Razaq a military adventurer establishes an independent principality in Khurasan with the capital at Sabzwar. In the Muzaffarids empire, On the disintegration of the II Khan rule Mubarazud Din Muhammad established the rule of the Muzaffarid dynasty. In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks capture the city of Nicomedia. In Algeria, Algeria is occupied by Marinids


1338
In the Mongols II Khans empire, Muhammad overthrown, succession of Sati Beg. Sati Beg marries Sulaiman who becomes the co-ruler



1339
In Kashmir, Death of Sadrud Din, throne captured by a Hindu Udyana Deva. In the Chughills empire, Deposition of Burun, accession of Isun Temur. In Bengal, The Tughluq Governor at Lakhnauti-Qadr Khan assassinated and power is captured by the army commander-in-chief who declares his independence and assumes the title of Alauddin Ali Shah


1340
In the Muzaffarids empire, The Muzaffarids conquer Kirman. In the Chughills empire, Deposition of Isun Temur, accession of Muhammad


1341
In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Uzbeg, succession of his son Tini Beg


1342
In the Golden Horde empire, Tini Beg overthrown by his brother Jani Beg


1343
In the Chughills empire, Muhammad overthrown, power captured by Kazan. In Bengal, Ilyas an officer of Alauddin murders his patron and captures the throne of West Bengal


1344
In the Mongols II Khans empire, Deposition of Sulaiman, succession of Anusherwan


1345
In the Samudra Pasai empire, Death of Malik al Tahir II, accession of Tahir III. His rule lasted throughout the fourteenth century. In Bengal, llyas captures East Bengal and under him Bengal is again united. He establishes his capital at Gaur


1346
In the Chughills empire, Deposition of Kazan, accession of Hayan Kuli. In Tunisia, Death of Abu Bakr, succession of his son Fadal. In Kashmir, Death of Udyana Deva, throne captured by Shah Mirza who assumed the name of Shah Mir, and rounded the rule of Shah Mir dynasty.


1347
The Marinids capture Tunisia. In the Bahmanids empire, Hasan Gangu declares his independence and establishes a state in Deccan with the capital at Gulbarga


1349
In Kashmir, Death of Shah Mir, accession of his son Jamsbed. In Algeria, The Zayanids under Abu Said Othman recapture Algeria


1350
In the Sarbadaran empire, Revolt against Abdur Razaq. Power captured by Amir Masud. In Tunisia, Deposition of Fadal, succession of his brother Abu Ishaq. In Kashmir, Jamshed overthrown by his step brother Alauddin Ali Sher


1351
In the Marinids empire, Death of Abul Hasan, succession of Abu Inan. In the Tughluqs empire, Death of Muhammad Tughluq accession of Firuz Shah Tughluq.


1352
In Algeria, The Marinids again capture Algeria. Abu Said Othman is taken captive and killed


1353
End of the Mongol II Khan rule. In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks acquire the fortress of Tympa on the European side of the Hollespoint. In the Muzaffarids empire, The Muzaffarids conquer Shiraz and establish their capital there


1354
In the Muzaffarids empire, The Muzaffarids annex Isfahan. In Granada, Assassination of Abu Hallaj Yusuf, succession of his son Muhammad V


1356
In the Jalayar empire, Death of Hasan Buzurg, succession of his son Owaia


1357
In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Jani Beg, succession of Kulpa


1358
In the Bahmanids empire, Death of Hasan Gangu, accession of his son Muhammad Shah. In the Muzaffarids empire, Death of Mubarazuddin Muhammad; accession of Shah Shuja. In the Marinids empire, Assassination of Abu Inan, succession of Abu Bakr Said. In Bengal, Death of Ilyas, succession of his son Sikandar Shah


1359
In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Orkhan, succession of Murad. In the Muzaffarids empire, Shah Shuja deposed by his brother Shah Mahmud. In Tunisia, Abul Abbas a nephew of Abu Ishaq revolts and establishes his rule in Bougie. In Algeria, The Zayanids under Abu Hamuw II recapture Algeria. In the Marinids empire, Abu Bakr Said overthrown by Abu Salim Ibrahim. In Granada, Muhammad V loses the throne in palace revolution, succeeded by Ismail


1360
In the Muzaffarids empire, Death of Shah Mahmud. Shah Shuja recaptures power. In the Chughills empire, Power captured by Tughluq Temur. In Granada, Ismail overthrown by his brother-in-law Abu Said


1361
In the Ottoman Turks empire, Murad conquers a part of Thrace and establishes his capital at Demolika in Thrace. In the Golden Horde empire, Kulpa overthrown by his brother Nauroz. In the Marinids empire, Abu Salim Ibrahim overthrown by Abu Umar. Abu Umar overthrown by Abu Zayyan


1362
In the Golden Horde empire, State of anarchy. During 20 years as many as 14 rulers came to the throne and made their exit. In Granada, Abu Said overthrown by Muhammad V who comes to rule for the second time. In Kashmir, Death of Alauddin Ali Sher, succeeded by his brother Shahabuddin


1365
In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks defeat the Christians at the battle of Matiza, the Byzantine ruler becomes a vassal of the Turks


1366
In the Marinids empire, Assassination of Abu Zayyan, succession of Abu Faris Abdul Aziz


1369
Power captured by Amir Temur. End of the rule of the Chughills. Amir Temur captures power in Transoxiana. In Tunisia, Death of Abu Ishaq. Succession of his son Abu Baqa Khalid


1370
In Tunisia, Abu Baqa overthrown by Abul Abbas under whom the state is reunited. In the Sarbadaran empire, Death of Amir Masud, succession of Muhammad Temur


1371
In the Ottoman Turks empire, Invasion of Bulgaria, Bulgarian territory upto the Balkans annexed by the Turks.


1372
In the Marinids empire, Death of Abu Faris, succession of Abu Muhammad


1374
In the Marinids empire, Abu Muhammad overthrown by Abul Abbas


1375
In the Sarbadaran empire, Deposition of Muhammad Temur, power captured by Shamsuddin. In the Jalayar empire, Death of Owais, succession by his son Hussain


1376
In Kashmir, Death of Shahabuddin, succeeded by his brother Qutbuddin


1377
In the Bahmanids empire, Death of Muhammad Shah, succeeded by his son Mujahid


1378
In the Bahmanids empire, Mujahid assassinated, throne captured by his uncle Daud


1379
Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Bairam Khawaja found the independent principality of the Turkomans of the Black Sheep and established his capital at Van in Armenia. In the Bahmanids empire, Assassination of Daud; accession of Muhammad Khan


1380
In the Golden Horde empire, Power is captured by Toktamish, a prince of the White Horde of Siberia. In Amir Temur's empire, Amir Temur crosses the Oxus and conquers Khurasan and Herat. Amir Temur invades Persia and subjugates the Muzaffarids and Mazandaran


1381
In Amir Temur's empire, Annexation of Seestan, capture of Qandhar


1384
In Amir Temur's empire, Conquest of Astrabad, Mazandaran, Rayy and Sultaniyah. In the Muzaffarids empire, Death of Shah Shuja, accession of his son Zainul Abdin. In the Marinids empire, Abul Abbas overthrown by Mustansir. Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Death of Bairam Khawaja, succession of Qara Muhammad


1386
In Amir Temur's empire, Annexation of Azarbaijan, Georgea overrun. Subjugation of Gilan and Shirvan. Turkomans of the Black Sheep defeated. In the Marinids empire, Death of Mustansir, succession of Muhammad


1387
In the Marinids empire, Muhammad overthrown by Abul Abbas who comes to power for the second time


1388
In Algeria, Death of Abu Hamuw II, succession of Abu Tashfin. In the Tughluqs empire, Death of Firuz Shah Tughluq, succeeded by his grandson Ghiasuddin Tughluq II


1389
In the Muzaffarids empire, Death of the poet Hafiz Shirazi. In the Tughluqs empire, Death of Ghiasuddin Tughluq II, accession of Abu Bakr Tughluq Shah. Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Death of Qara Muhammad. succession of Qara Yusuf.


1390
In the Tughluqs empire, Abu Bakr overthrow by Nasiruddin Tughluq. In Bengal, Death of Sikandar Shah, accession of his son Ghiasud. In the Burji Mamluks empire, The rule of the Burji Mamluks rounded by Saifuddin Barquq


1391
In Amir Temur's empire, Annexation of Fars. In the Muzaffarids empire, Annexation of the Muzaffarids by Amir Temur. In Granada, Death of Muhammad V, succession of his son Abu Hallaj Yusuf II


1392
In the Jalayar empire, Death of Hussain, succession of his son Ahmad. In Granada, Death of Abu Hallaj ; succession of Muhammad VI


1393
Amir Temur defeats Tiktomish, the ruler of the Golden Horde. Capture of the Jalayar dominions by Amir Temur. In the Marinids empire, Death of Abul Abbas; succession of Abu Faris II


1394
Amir Temur defeats the Duke of Moscow. In the Tughluqs empire, Death of Nasiruddin Tugluq, accession of Alauddin Sikandar Shah. In Kashmir, Death of Qutbuddin. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Qara Othman established the rule of the White Sheep Turkomans in Diyarbekr


1395
In the Golden Horde empire, Amir Temur defeated Toktamish and razes Serai to the ground. End of the rule of the Golden Horde. Annexation of Iraq by Amir Temur. In the Tughluqs empire, Death of Sikandar Shah. Accession of Muhammad Shah


1396
In the Amir Temur's empire, Destruction of Sarai, and of the rule of the Golden Horde. In the Sarbadaran empire, Principality annexed by Amir Temur


1397
In the Bahmanids empire, Death of Muhammad Khan


1398
In the Amir Temur's empire, Campaign in India. In the Marinids empire, Death of Abu Faris II. In the Tughluqs empire, Invasion of Amir Timur, Mahmud Shah escapes from the capital. In Morocco, Death of the Marinid Sultan Abu Faris II; succession of his son Abu Said Othman


1399
In the Amir Temur's empire, Campaign in Iraq and Syria. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Saifuddin Barquq, succession of his son Nasiruddin in Faraj

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مُساهمةموضوع: 1400-1499   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 12:21 pm


1400
In the Burji Mamluks empire, The Mamluks lost Syria which was occupied by Amir Timur


1401
In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Timur Qutluq, the ruler, installed by Amir Timur. accession of Shadi Beg


1402
In the Ottoman Turks empire, Defeat of Bayazid at the battle of Ankara, taken captive Amir Timur


1403
In the Ottoman Turks empire, Muhammad I, the son of Bayazid ascended the throne


1405
In the Timurids empire, Death of Amir Timur, succession of his son Shah Rukh


1407
In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Shadi Beg, installation of Faulad Khan by the king maker Edigu


1410
In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Faulad Khan, installation of Timur


1412
In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Timur, installation of Jalaluddin. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Nasiruddin Faraj, succession of Al Muayyad


1413
In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Jalaluddin, installation of Karim Bardo


1414
In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Karim Bardo, installation of Kubak Khan


1416
In the Golden Horde empire, Deposition of Kubak Khan, installation of Jahar Balrawi. Deposition of Jahar Balrawi, installation of Chaighray


1419
In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Edigu, overthrow of Chaighray, power captured by Ulugh Muhammad


1420
In the Golden Horde empire, Ulugh Muhammad overthrown by Daulat Bairawi. Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Death of Qara Yusuf; succession of his son Qara Iskandar. In Morocco, Assassination of Abu Said Othman; succession of his infant son Abdul Haq


1421
In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Muhammad I; accession of his son Murad II. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Al Muayyad, succession of Muzaffar Ahmad. Muzaffar Ahmad overthrown by Amir Saifuddin Tata, Death of Saifuddin Tata, succession of his son Muhammad. Muhammad overthrown by Amir Barsbay


1424
In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Daulat Bairawi, succession of Berk. In Algeria, The Halsida of Tunisia occupy Algeria. This state of affairs continued throughout the fifteenth century


1425
In the Uzbegs empire, Abul Khayr, a prince of the house of Uzbeg declare his independence in the western part of Siberia


1427
In the Golden Horde empire, Berk overthrown by Ulugh Muhammad who captured power for the second time


1430 In the Uzbegs empire, Abul Khayr occupies Khawarazm


1434
Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Deposition of Qara Iskandar; installation of his brother Jahan Shah. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Qara Othman, succession of his son Ali Beg. In Tunisia, Death of Abul Faris after a rule of forty years, succession of his son Abu Abdullah Muhammad


1435
In Tunisia, Deposition of Abu Abdullah Muhammad, power captured by Abu Umar Othman


1438
In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Barsbay, accession of his minor son Jamaluddin Yusuf; Yusuf overthrown and power captured by the Chief Minister Saifuddin Gakmuk. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Ali Beg overthrown by his brother Hamza


1439
In the Golden Horde empire, Ulugh Muhammad withdrew from Sarai and found the principality of Qazan. Said Ahmad came to power in Sarai.


1440
Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Hamza overthrown by Jahangir a son of Ali Beg


1441
In the Golden Horde empire, Crimea seceded from Sarai


1446
In the Timurids empire, Death of Shah Rukh, succession of Ulugh Beg. In the Ottoman Turks empire, Second battle of Kossova resulting in the victory of the Turks. Serbia annexed to Turkey and Bosnia became its vassal


1447
In the Golden Horde empire, Astra Khan seceded from Sarai


1449
In the Uzbegs empire, Abul Khayr captures Farghana. In the Timurids empire, Death of Ulugh Beg, succession of Abdul Latif


1450
In the Timurids empire, Assassination of Abdul Latif, accession of Abu Said


1451
In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Murad II; accession of his son Muhammad II


1453
In the Ottoman Turks empire, Capture of Constantinople by the Turks. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Jahangir; accession of his son Uzun Hasan. In the Burji Mamluks empire,
Death of Gakmuk followed by the succession of his son Fakhruddin Othman

Othman overthrown by the Mamluk General Saifuddin Inal


1454
In the Ottoman Turks empire, Attack against Wallachia, Wallachia became a vassal state of Turkey


1456
In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Serbia


1461
In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Bosnia and Herzogovina. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Saifuddin Inal, succession of his son Shahabuddin Ahmad. Shahabuddin Ahmad overthrown by the Mamluk General Saifuddin Khushqadam


1462
In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Albania


1465
In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Said Ahmad, succession of his son Khan Ahmad. In Morocco, Assassination of Abdul Haq. End of the Marinid rule. Power snatched by Sharif Muhammad al Jati


1467
Turkomans of the Black Sheep empire, Death of Jahan Shah, end of the rule of the Black Sheep Turkoman rule. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Jahan Shah of the Black Sheep attacked the White Sheep. Jahan Shah was defeated and the Black Sheep territories annexed by the White Sheep. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Death of Khushqadam, accession of his son Saifuddin Yel Bey. Deposition of Yel Bey, power captured by the Mamluk General Temur Bugha


1468
In the Uzbegs empire, Death of Abul Khayr, succession of his son Haidar Sultan. Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Uzun Hasan defeated the Timurids at the battle of Qarabagh whereby the White Sheep became the masters of Persia and Khurasan. In the Burji Mamluks empire, Deposition of Femur Bugha, power captured by the Mamluk General Qait Bay


1469
In the Timurids empire, Death of Abu Said, disintegration of the Timurid state. In Khurasan Hussain Baygara came to power and he ruled during the remaining years of the fifteenth century


1472
In Morocco, Sharif Muhammad al Jati overthrown by the Wattisid chief Muhammad al Shaikh who establishes the rule of the Wattisid dynasty


1473
In the Ottoman Turks empire, War against Persia; Persians defeated


1475 In the Ottoman Turks empire, Annexation of Crimea. War against Venice. Tukey became the master of the Aegean Sea. 1478 Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Uzun Hasan, succession of his son Khalil


1479
Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Khalil overthrown by his uncle Yaqub


1480
In the Golden Horde empire, Assassination of Khan Ahmad, succession of his son Said Ahmad II


1481
In the Golden Horde empire, Said Ahmad I1 overthrown by his brother Murtada. In the Ottoman Turks empire, Death of Muhammad II, accession of Bayazid II


1488
In the Uzbegs empire, Death of Haider Sultan, succession of his nephew Shaybani Khan. In Tunisia, Death of Abu Umar Othman after a rule of 52 years, succession of Abu Zikriya Yahya


1489
In Tunisia, Abu Zikriya Yahya overthrown by Abul Mumin


1490
In Tunisia, Abul Mumin overthrown, power recaptured by Abu Yahya


1493
Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Death of Yaqub. accession of his son Bayangir


1495
Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Bayangir overthown by his cousin Rustam


1496
In the Burji Mamluks empire, Abdication of Qait Bay, succession of his son Nasir Muhammad


1497
Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, Rustam overthrown by Ahmad. Anarchy and fragmentation

1498
In the Burji Mamluks empire, Deposition of Nasir Muhammad, power captured by Zahir Kanauh


1499
In the Uzbegs empire, Shayhani Khan conquered Transoxiana. In the Golden Horde empire, Death of Murtada, succession of Said Ahmad III." In the Ottoman Turks empire, The Turks defeated the Venetian fleet in the battle of Lepanto


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مُساهمةموضوع: 1500-1599   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 1:47 pm


1500
In the Burji Mamluks empire, Zahir Kanauh overthrown by Ashraf Gan Balat


1501
Isamil I establishes the Safavid dynasty in Persia, and the Twelve-Imam Shi'ism becomes the state religion


1507
The Portuguese under d'Albuquerque establish strongholds in the Persian Gulf


1508
Turkomans of the White Sheep empire, End of the White Sheep dynasty and the annexation of their territories by the Safawids


1511
D'Albuquerque conquers Malacca from the Muslims.


1517
The Ottoman Sultan Selim Yavuz ("the Grim") defeats the Mamluks and conquers Egypt


1520
The reign of Sulayman the Magnificent begins


1526
Louis of Hungary dies at the Battle of Mohacs


1526
The Battle of Panipat in India, and the Mog
hul conquest; Babur makes his capital at Delhi and Agra


1528
The Ottomans take Buda in Hungary


1529
Unsuccessful Ottoman siege of Vienna


1550
The architect Sinan builds the Suleymaniye mosque in Istanbul


1550
The rise of the Muslim kingdom of Atjeh in Sumatra


1550
Islam spreads to Java, the Moluccas, and Borneo


1556
The death of Sulayman the Magnificent


1568
Alpujarra uprising of the Moriscos (Muslims forcibly converted to Catholicism) in Spain


1571
The Ottomans are defeated at the naval Battle of Lepanto, and their dominance in the Mediterranean is brought to a close


1578
The Battle of the Three Kings at Qasr al-Kabir in Morocco. King Sebastian of Portugal is killed


1588
Reign of Safavid Sultan Shah Abbas I begins


1591
Mustaili Ismailis split into Sulaymanis and Daudis
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
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مُساهمةموضوع: 1600-1699   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 1:49 pm



1600
Sind annexed by the Mughals. End of the Arghun rule in Sind


1601
Khandesh annexed by the Mughals


1603
Battle of Urmiyah. Turks suffer defeat. Persia occupies Tabriz, Mesopotamia. Mosul and Diyarbekr. Death of Muhammad III, Sultan of Turkey, accession of Ahmad I. In Morocco al Shaikh died


1604
In Indonesia death of Alauddin Rayat Shah, Sultan of Acheh, accession of Ali Rayat Shah III


1605
Death of the Mughal emperor Akbar; accession of Jahangir


1607
Annexation of Ahmadnagar by the Mughals


1609
Annexation of Bidar by the Mughals


1611
Kuch Behar subjugated by the Mughals


1612
Kamrup annexed by the Mughals


1617
Death of Ahmad I, Sultan of Turkey, accession of Mustafa; Deposition of Mustafa accession of Othman II


1618
Tipperah annexed by the Mughals '


1620
In Turkey deposition of Mustafa, accession of Othman II


1623
In Turkey Mustafa recaptured power


1625
In Turkey deposition of Mustafa, accession of Murad IV


1627
Death of the Mughal emperor Jahangir, accession of Shah Jahan


1628
Reign of Safavid Sultan Shah Abbas I comes to an end


1629
In Persia death of Shah Abbas; accession of grandson Safi


1631
Death of Mumtaz Mahal, wife of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and the lady of Taj Mahal, Agra


1637
Death of Iskandar Muda in Indonesia; accession of Iskandar II


1640
Death of Otthman Sultan Murad IV. accession of his brother Ibrahim


1641
Turks capture Azov. In Indonesia death of Iskandar II; accession of the Queen Tajul Alam


1642
In Persia death of Shah Safi, accession of Shah Abbas II


1648
In Turkey Ibrahim deposed; accession of Muhammad IV


1656
Muhammad Kuiprilli becomes the Grand Minister in Turkey


1658
Deposition of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, accession of Aurangzeb


1661
Death of Muhammad Kuiprilli, accession of his son Ahmad Kuiprilli


1667
Death of Shah Abbas II; accession of Shah Sulaiman


1675
Execution of the Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur. In Indonesia death of the queen Tajul Alam, accession of the queen Nur ul Alam


1676
Death of the Grand Wazir of Turkey Ahmad Kuiprilli, succession by Kara Mustafa


1678
In Indonesia death of the queen Nur ul Alam, accession of the queen Inayat Zakia


1680
Death of Marhatta chieftain Shivaji


1682
Assam annexed by the Mughals. Aurangzeb shifts the capital to Aurangabad in the Deccan


1683
The Turks lift the siege of Vienna and retreat. Kara Mustafa the Grand Wazir executed for the failure of the expedition


1686
Annexation of Bijapur by the Mughals


1687
Golkunda annexed by the Mughals. Second battle of Mohads. Defeat of the Turks by Austria. Deposition of Muhammad IV. Accession of Sulaiman II


1688
In Indonesia death of queen Inayat Zakia, accession of the queen Kamalah


1690
Death of the Ottoman Sultan Sulaiman II, accession of Ahmad II


1692
Death of the Turk Sultan Ahmad II, accession of Mustafa II


1694
In Persia death of Shah Safi, accession of Shah Hussain


1699
In Indonesia death of Queen Kamalah
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مُساهمةموضوع: 1700-1799   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 1:50 pm


1700
Murshid Quli Khan declares the independence of Bengal and establishes his capital at Murshidabad


1703
Ahmad 11I becomes the Ottoman Sultan. Birth of Shah Wali Ullah. Birth of the religious reformer Muhammad b Abdul Wahab


1707
Death of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, accession of his son Bahadur Shah


1711
War between Turkey and Russia. Russia defeated at the battle of Pruth


1712
Death of the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah, accession of Jahandar Shah


1713
Jahandar Shah overthrown by his nephew Farrukh Siyar


1718
In the war against Austria, Turkey suffers defeat. By the treaty of Passarowich Turkey loses Hungary


1719
Deposition of the Mughal emperor Farrukh Siyar Muhammad Shah ascends the throne. In Sind the Kalhoras came to power under Nur Muhammad Kalhora


1722
Saadat Khan found the independent state of Oudh. Battle of Gulnabad between the Afghans and the Persians. The Persians were defeated and the Afghans under Shah Mahmud became the masters of a greater part of Persia. Shah Hussain taken captive, accession of Shah Tahmasp II


1730
Zanzibar freed from Portugese rule and occupied by Oreart


1747
Ahmad Shah Durrani established Afghan rule in Afghanistan


1752
Death of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, writer of Sassi Pannu, Sohni Mahinwal and Umer Marvo


1752
Ahmed Shah Durrani captured Punjab, Kashmir and Sind


1761
Death of Shah Waliullah Dehlavi


1761
Battle of Panipat. Ahmad Shah Durrani came to India at the invitation of Shah Waliullah Dehlavi and smashed rising Maratha power in the battle of Panipat


1764
Conversion to Islam of Areadi Gaya. ruler of Futa Bandu State in West Sudan


1773
Death of Ahmad Shah Durrani


1783
End of Kalhora rule in Sind


1797
Death of Muhammad Khan Qachar, king of Persia


1797
Russia occupied Daghestan


1799
Ranjit Singh declared himself Maharajah of Punjab defeating Afghans


1799
Khoqand declared independent Islamic State



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مُساهمةموضوع: 1800-1899   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 1:52 pm


1803
Shah Abdul Aziz ibn Saud assassinated by a Shia fanatic. Shah Shuja proclaimed as King of Afghanistan


1805
Ibn Saud captured Madinah defeating the Turk garrison


1804
Othman Dan Fodio established Islamic State of Sokoto in Central Sudan


1805
Faraizi movement launched in Bengal. Muhammad Ali appointed Pasha of Egypt by the Turks


1806
Khanate of Khiva came into limelight under the rule of Muhammad Rahim Khan


1807
Darqawi sect revolted against Turkish domination. Tunisia repudiated suzerainty of Algeria


1811
Birth of Ali Muhammad Bab founder of Bab movement


1811
British occupied Indonesia


1812
Madina fell to Egyptians


1813
Makkah and Taif captured by Egyptian forces and Saudis expelled from Hijaz


1814
Iran executed treaty of alliance with the British known as Definitive Treaty.


1814
Death of Ibn Saud II


1814
King Othman of Tunisia assassinated by his cousin Mahmud.


1816
British withdrew from Indonesia restoring it to the Dutch.


1822
Death of Maulay Ismail in Morocco


1827
Malaya became a preserve of the British according to Anglo- Netherland treaty in 1824


1828
Russia declared war against Turkey


1829
Treaty of Adrianople


1830
French forces landed near Algiers and occupied Algeria ending 313 years rule of Turks


1831
Syed Ahmad Barelvi and Shah Ismail leaders of Jihad movement in India fell fighting the Sikhs in Balakot


1832
Turks defeated in the battle of Konia by Egyptian forces


1832
Sayyid Said, King of Oman, shifted his capital to Zanzibar


1834
Abdul Qadir recognised as ruler of the area under his control by the French


1839 Defeat of Turkey by the Egyptians in the battle of Nisibin


1840
Quadruple Alliance by the European powers to force Egypt to relinquish Syria


1840
British frees occupied Aden


1841
State of Adamawa established by Adams adjacent to Nigeria


1842
Amir Abdul Qadir, ousted from Algeria by the French. crossed over to Morocco


1842
Shah Shuja assassinated ending the Durrani rule in Afghanistan


1847
Amir Abdul Qadir surrendred to France under the condition of safe conduct to a Muslim country of his choice but France violated its pledge and sent him as a captive to France


1849
Death of Muhammad Ali pasha


1850
Ali Muhammad Bab arrested and executed by Iranian government. Qurratul Ain Tabira, a renowned poetess and staunch advocate of Babism also shot dead


1852
Release of Amir Abdul Qadir by Napolean III. He settled in Turkey


1855
Khiva annexed by Russia


1857
British captured Delhi and eliminated Mughal rule in India after 332 years. Last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled to Rangoon in Burma. This was also the end of 1000 years of Muslim rule over India


1859
Imam Shamil laid down arms before Russian forces and the Islamic State of Daghestan became a Russian province


1860
Maulay Muhammad defeated by Spain


1861
Death of Sultan Abdul-Majid of Turkey


1862
Faraizi movement fizzled out after the death of Dadu Miyan


1865
Khoqand State liquidated by Russia


1869
Jamaluddin Afghani exiled from Afghanistan. He proceeded to Egypt


1871
Tunisia recognised suzerainty of Turkey through a Firman


1876
Britain purchased shares of Khediv Ismail in the Suez canal and got involved in Egyptian affairs


1878
Turkey handed over Cyprus to Britain


1878
Adrianople fell to Russia


1879
Jamaluddin Afghani exiled from Egypt


1879
Treaty of Berlin. Turkey lost 4/5 th of its territory in Europe


1881
France invaded Tunisia and the Bey acknowledged supremacy of France as a result of the treaty of Bardo


1881
Muhammad Ahmad declared himself Mahdi in northern Sudan


1882
Egypt came under British military occupation


1883
Death of Amir Abdul Qadir in Damascus


1885
Muhammad Ahmad declared free Government of Sudan under his rule


1885
Death of Mahdi Sudani five months after the occupation of Khartum


1890
End of Banbara State


1895
Afghanistan got Wakhan corridor by an understanding with Russia and British India making Afghan border touch China


1895
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian claimed prophethood


1897
State of Bagirimi occupied by the French


1899
Fall of Mahdi State occupied by the British and the Egyptians jointly

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مُساهمةموضوع: 1900-1999   الثلاثاء مايو 27, 2014 1:55 pm


1901
Ibn Saud (Abd al-Aziz) captures Riyad




1901
French forces occupy Morocco  




1904
Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Conference of Algeciras
 



1904
The Presian constitution is promoted



 
1905
The beginning of the Salafiyyah movement in Paris with it's main sphere of influence in Egypt



 
1907
The beginning of the Young Turks movement in Turkey



 
1912
The beginning of the Muhammadiyyah reform movement in Indonesia.  



 
1914
Under Ottoman rule, secret Arab nationalist societies are formed



 
1914
World War I



 
1916
Arab revolt against Ottoman (Turkish) rule. Lawrence of Arabia leads attacks on the Hijaz Railway  



 
1918
Armistice signed with Ottomans on October 30



 
1918
World War I ends on November 11  




1918
Syria and Damascus become a French protectorate    




1921
Abd Allah bin Husayn in made King of Transjordan. His father was the Sharif of Mecca  




1921
Faysal bin Husayn is made King of Iraq. His father was the Sharif of Mecca  




1921
Abd al-Karim leads a revolt against colonial rule in Moroccan Rif, and declares the "Republic of the Rif"



 
1922
Mustafa Kemal abolishes the Turkish Sultanate  



 
1924
The Turkish Caliphate is abolished  




1924
King Abd al-Aziz conquers Mecca and Medina, which leads to the unification of the Kingdoms of Najd and Hijaz  




1925
Reza Khan seizes the government in Persia and establishes the Pahlavi dynasty


 
1926
Abd al-Aziz (Ibn Saud) assumes title of King of Najd and Hijaz  




1927
Death of Zaghlul, an Egyptian nationalist leader



 
1928
Turkey is declared a secular state  



 
1928
Hasan al-Banna founds the Muslim Brotherhood



 
1932
Iraq granted independence by League of Nations    




1934
War between King Abd al-Aziz and Imam Yahya of the Yemen  




1934
Peace treaty of Ta'if




1934
Asir becomes part of Saudi Arabia  




1935
Iran becomes the official name of Persia  




1936
Increased Jewish immigration provokes widespread Arab-Jewish fighting in Palestine  




1939
World War II  




1941
British and Russian forces invade Iran and Reza Shah is forced to abdicate in favor of his son Mohammad Reza Shah in Iran  




1943
Beginning of Zionist terrorist campaign in Palestine




1945
End of World War II  




1946
Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria are granted independence from Britain and France



 
1947
Creation of Pakistan from Muslim Majority area in India  




1948
Creation of state of Israel. Arab armies suffer defeat in war with Israel




1949
Hasan al-Banna, leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, is assassinated  




1951
Libya becomes independent  




1952
King Faruq of Egypt forced to abdicate  




1953
General Zahedi leads coup against Musaddeq, Shah returns to power




1953
Death of King Abd al-Aziz (Ibn Saud) of Saudi Arabia




1953
The foundation stone is laid to enlarge the Prophet's mosque in Medina  




1956
Morocco becomes independent  




1956
 Tunisia becomes independent.




1957
The Bey of Tunisia is deposed, and Bourguiba becomes becomes president  




1957
Enlargement of the Haram in Mecca begins  




1962
Algeria becomes independent




1962
Death of Zaydi Imam of Yemen (Ahmad). Crown Prince Bahr succeds him and takes the title Imam Mansur Bi-Llah Muhammad



 
1965
Malcom X is assassinated




1968
The enlargement of the Haram in Mecca is completed  



 
1969
King Idris of Libya is ousted by a coup led by Colonel Qadhdhafi




1973
King Zahir Shah of Afghanistan is overthrown



 
1975
Death of Elijah Mohammad, leader of Nation of Islam among African Americans in North America  




1975
Wallace Warith Deen Mohammad assumes leadership of Nation of Islam and shifts movement toward Islamic Orthodoxy renaming it American Muslim Mission


 
1978
 Imam Musa Sadr is apparently assassinated after he disappears on a trip to Libya. He was the religious leader of the Lebanese Twelve-Imam Shi'ites. He promoted the resurgence of Shi'ites in Lebanon and set the foundation of Amal  




1979
The Shah leaves Iran on January 15, thus bringing the Pahlavi dynasty to an end



1979
On 1 Muharram AH 1400/21 November, the first day of the 15th Islamic century, fanatics led by students of the Theological University of Medina attempt to promote one of their group as Mahdi and thus fulfill a certain prophetic Hadith "A man of the people of Medina will go forth, fleeing to Mecca, and certain of the people of Mecca will come to him and will lead him forth against his will and swear fealty to him between the rukn (Black Stone corner of the Kabah) and the Maqam Ibrahim." They hold the Haram of Mecca against the army for two weeks

63 of the 300 fanatics are captured alive, the mosque is recovered, and the conspirators are all put to death  


 
1980
Beginning of the Iran-Iraq war  



1989
Iran-Iraq comes to an end with much loss of life  



1990
Military annexation of Kuwait by Iraq, under Ba'athist leader Saddam Hussain, is reversed in 1991 by a coalition of United States-led forces



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Islamic History in Brief
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صفحة 1 من اصل 1
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